Spanish bull (Toro de lidia). By alberto clemares exposito |
Spanish bull (Toro de lidia). By alberto clemares exposito |

About Spanish bulls.

The Spanish fighting bull is an Iberian bovine. It is a local variety, bred from Spanish bovine cattle through the processes of selection and crossing.

Besides being selected for beef and milk production, the characteristic called “bravura” (an aggressive nature) has also been sought for the purpose of bullfighting.

The average lifespan of a bull is twenty years, but when raised in ranches for bullfighting it gets shortened to six years.

These animals are characterized by their instincts of defense and their aggressive temperament. They have horns that curve forwards and a strong musculoskeletal system.

The selective breeding of the Spanish fighting bull started in the 15th and 16th centuries in the province of Valladolid.

There are several breeds of Spanish bull, such as Navarra, Jijona, Castellana, Andaluza, Cabrera, Vazqueña, Vista-hermosa and Atanasio-fernandez

In the bullfighting world, the bull is assessed by its “trapío”, which is a set of external features, attitude and observable reactions.

Many animal rights organizations are currently fighting to stop bullfighting in the Iberian Peninsula.

They are gregarious animals that feel safe in herds.

Unlike other species of cattle, the characteristics of the Spanish fighting bull are closer to a wild bovid, with special genetics that make this species unique.

The Spanish fighting bull descends from the aurochs (or urus) which were abundant across Europe in the Middle Ages.

Despite the Spanish origin of the breed, it has been exported to other countries like Portugal, France and many countries from the Americas.

Spanish bull. By alberto clemares exposito |
Spanish bull. By alberto clemares exposito |
Spanish BullNot evaluated
Bos taurus ibéricus250 cms (98 in)
Bovidae272-454 kg (600-1,000 lb)
ArtiodactylaAround 20 years
Mammalia9 months
This species is commonThey graze pasture. They are ruminant animals.
PasturesThe range of this species covers almost all the Iberian Peninsula except the northeast.


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