Leopardo de Amur (Panthera pardus orientalis). Por Ondrej Chvatal | Shutterstock.com
Leopardo de Amur (Panthera pardus orientalis). Por Ondrej Chvatal | Shutterstock.com

Acerca del leopardo de Amur.

La diferencia básica del leopardo de Amur con otras subespecies de leopardo es el pelaje mas largo que le ayuda a soportar las condiciones climáticas del entorno donde habita. Además tienes los ojos verde azulado claro.


En verano su pelaje mide 2,5 centímetros y es más anaranjado y dorado. En invierno crece hasta los 7 cm y palidece hacia un tono más crema.


Las manchas del pelaje de estos leopardos son más grandes y separadas que en el resto de subespecies.


In order to be able to save this species, there should be at least 100 individuals in the wild. The potential inbreeding that comes with its much lower population, makes it a critically endangered species, inevitably doomed to disappear.


There are an estimated of 100-200 individuals currently in captivity; mainly in European and North American zoos, and in breeding and reintroduction programs aiming to save the species.


They are a little smaller than the other leopard subspecies.


They are nocturnal animals that hunt during the first half of the night, starting a little before the sunset.


Leopards drink very little water, as they get most of it from the prey they eat.


They are extremely agile animals that can leap 3 m in the air and 6 m horizontally, run short distances at high speeds or descend from trees head first.


They are very solitary animals, with the only exception of females with their cubs.


It can carry prey three times its body weight up a tree in order to eat it without being bothered by other predators or opportunistic hunters.


The main threats to this species have always been poaching (for its fur, but also for its organs, used in Asian traditional medicine), prey depletion (by human’s poaching), the construction of an oil pipeline planned to be built through its habitat and the lack of political engagement regarding its protection.

Leopardo de Amur. Por Patrick Rolands | Shutterstock.com
Leopardo de Amur. Por Patrick Rolands | Shutterstock.com
NOMBRE COMÚNESTADO DE CONSERVACIÓN
Amur leopardEn peligro crítico
NOMBRE CIENTÍFICOTAMAÑO
Panthera pardus orientalis107-136 cm (42-54 in) + 82-90 cm (32-35 in) de cola.
FAMILIAPESO
Felidae25–48 kg (55–106 lb)
ORDENPROMEDIO DE VIDA
CarnivoraHasta 21 años.
CLASEPERÍODO DE GESTACIÓN
Mammalia92-95 días
POBLACIÓNALIMENTACIÓN
Unos 35 ejemplares en libertad. Unos 150 en cautividad.Son carnívoros que se alimentan principalmente de liebres y corzos.
HÁBITATDISTRIBUCIÓN
Habitan en la taiga.Se extendían por la península de Corea, noroeste de China y sureste de Rusia. Actualmente casi todos los ejemplares en libertad habitan en las montañas de Sijote-Alin (Siberia, Rusia).

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