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Animal Facts

All informative and interesting articles about the world of animals. Curiosities about fauna, information about the animal kingdom, its protection and many other contents about the species that compose it.

Big herd of wildebeest is about Mara River. By Gudkov Andrey | Shutterstock.com

Biogeographic movements: dispersal, dissemination and migration

Over half a century ago, Biogeography appeared in the scientific landscape as a new modern science, as a response to the urge to understand and manage the impact of human activity on the planet, which was causing the alteration of the habitats of species. But what exactly is Biogeography?...
Tyrannosaurus Rex and its young feeding on an Alamosaurus carcass in Hell Creek 66 million years ago. By Herschel Hoffmeyer | Shutterstock.com

How many false myths about dinosaurs do you know?

If we were to list the number of false claims out there about dinosaurs, it’d be never-ending. From the belief that they only inhabited warm habitats (they also lived in frozen areas), that they were all enormous (there were also very small dinosaurs), to the misconception that their size...
Tiny chameleon Brookesia micra on human inch, smallest known chameleon and among the smallest reptiles of the world. Antsiranana Province, Madagascar wildlife. By Artush | Shutterstock.com

Why does dwarfism occur in nature? Pygmy animals and their evolution

Size matters in the animal world. In colder climates, being large helps minimise the loss of body heat. For a large predator, body size may be the key to overpowering its prey. Whereas, for a large herbivore, like a bison, body size may be its greatest defence. And, even...
Portrait of a baby chimpanzee. Republic of the Congo. Reserve Conkouati-Douli. By Gudkov Andrey | Shutterstock.com

One of the Great Apes: chimpanzee life in numbers

The Great Apes and us We’re all guilty of anthropomorphism. It’s something Yago tapped into when he first came up with the idea for Zoo Portraits. But – more than with any other animal – when we look at apes,  we see ourselves. The likening of the great apes to humans...
Nicobar pigeon. Pic by dune00z | Shutterstock.com

Pigeon powers: 3 reasons to start appreciating the ‘rats of the sky’

Pigeon profiles Pigeons are divisive creatures. For some, pigeons are treasured pets; for others, they’re troublesome pests. Whether it’s ‘rats of the sky’ or ‘rats with wings’, the sentiment in these nicknames is clear. Apart from pigeon fanciers or mediocre tourists in the main square of , most of us have very...
Reindeer migration to breeding grounds. By mellow | Shutterstock.com

Festive animal facts: Camel vs. Reindeer

Christmas and nature The Christmas holidays are rich in tradition. Some (like decorating a tree) date back hundreds of years; others (like wearing tasteless woolen jumpers) are much more recent! Although customs differ from country to country, they all have a strong connection to nature. In the UK, the robin, mistletoe...
Knobbed Hornbill, Rhyticeros cassidix, from Sulawesi, Indonesia. By Ondrej Prosicky | Shutterstock.com

Birds, their different beaks and the functions they perform

Birds are a class of vertebrates with more than 18,000 different species. Of the various features that are common to all birds, perhaps the most characteristic is their beak. All birds have one, but it has evolved differently in each species has evolved to improve its functions in response...
Iceland horses. By Fabian Burghardt

The domestication of animals: origins, general characteristics and stages

In the last few years, the idea that human development has been altered by the cultural changes and transformations that have occurred throughout the centuries seems to have gained ground. Indeed, these cultural processes have an obvious impact on human evolution. One of the most important cultural renovations in our...
Florida wetland, Airboat ride at Everglades National Park in USA. Popular place for tourists, wild nature and animals. By Romrodphoto | Shutterstock.com

Unwanted Aliens: the impact of invasive species

The errors of our ways If you’re reading this, you belong to a handful of generations who have lived in a period of critical species loss. As discussed in a previous article, the severity and extent of the damage to biodiversity that we are currently witnessing may even equate to...
Two foxes fight in a snowy environment in Zao, in the North of Japan. Zao is the home to the only fox village in the world, which is a sanctuary for rescued foxes. They are tame enough to get close to. By CloudVisual | Unsplash

Biological interactions: male-male competition during the breeding season

Autumn is a time of change and opportunities, a season to face new challenges and experience new feelings and sensations. Autumn smells of rain, forests and wet soil. One can hear the whisper and the voice of the wind. And while the brown, ocher and yellow tones take over...
Humpback Whale Heatrun. By Tomas Kotouc | Shutterstock.com

Cetaceans. The small and giant mammals of the oceans

We’re all able to recognise a dolphin, an orca or one of the whale species. These animals are part of the order of cetaceans (Cetacea). But…. Did you know that there are 80 species of cetaceans, and that there are huge differences between them? What is a cetacean? The first thing to...
Common vampire bat, Desmodus rotundus. By Natalia Kuzmina | Shutterstock.com

Do vampires exist? From vampire myths to the truth about bloodsucking bats

When we hear the word vampire, we automatically think of a human-like creaturewith long fangs that feeds on people’s blood. Vampire myths have been around for ages and they continue to be a part of our culture today. According to popular folklore, a vampire is a creature that feeds on...
The Big Five: the wildlife stars of African bush

The Big Five: the wildlife stars of African bush

‘The Big Five’ is synonymous with African safaris. While the term is now widely used within the realms of wildlife tourism, the term (originally ‘big five game’) was actually coined by hunters.  The African elephant, African lion, African leopard, Black rhinoceros and Cape buffalo are not the biggest animals in...
The Amazon molly does not produce any male offspring. The females reproduce asexually through gynogenesis. Nevertheless they need sperm to trigger the cloning process. By Manfred Schartl

The Amazon molly: the small fish making a big splash in science

What is the Amazon molly and how did it get its name? The Amazon molly (Poecilia formosa) is a small, inconspicuous freshwater fish. It belongs to a genus of around 40 fish species, which includes the well-known guppy. Amazon mollies are omnivores and spend their days feeding on small invertebrates,...
Two male lions. By Nick Biemans | Shutterstock.com

Are there gay animals in nature? Homosexuality in the animal world

When it comes to homosexuality, for many people the recurring idea is that it’s something unnatural. But what does unnatural really mean? The definition of the term is something that goes against natural or human laws, especially in relation to morality. Homosexuality is something that has always been  exclusively associated...