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Animal Facts

All informative and interesting articles about the world of animals. Curiosities about fauna, information about the animal kingdom, its protection and many other contents about the species that compose it.

Wolf tracks (footprint) in the frozen snow. By Maksymus | Shutterstock.com

Field guide: identifying animal footprints, traces and signs

Habitat loss or destruction is a direct consequence of our current economic and social system, as well as one of the greatest threats to animal species and to wildlife sustainability. Biodiversity reduction and the extinction of species are some of the devastating effects of this degradation, which is at...
Saiga antelope (Saiga tatarica) in the morning steppe. Mekletinskii Federal Nature Reserve, Kalmykia, Russia, August 2015. By Victor Tyakht Shutterstock.com

The saiga antelope. A species with a challenging existence.

The saiga (Saiga tatarica) is a medium sized (60 to 80 cm tall) antelope that inhabits the steppes of Central Asia and is classified by IUCN as "critically endangered". They live mainly in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, although they can be found in various areas of Russia (Kazan), China and...
Male hiker looking through binoculars in forest. By Yuriy Seleznev | Shutterstock.com

Eyes to the skies: a beginner’s guide to birdwatching

Birdwatching, whether from the kitchen window or out in the field, is enjoyed by millions of people around the world. But what is it about watching birds in the wild that we find so interesting? For some it’s just that, a good excuse to go out into the wild. For others,...
Chimp covering his ears. By Sharon Morris | Shutterstock.com

Animal intelligence: the smartest animal species in the world

What is animal intelligence? Intelligence is one of the defining features of being human and it comes in various forms. For example, there’s verbal-linguistic intelligence (communicative ability), spatial intelligence (the ability to observe the world with the mind’s eye), logical-mathematical intelligence (the ability to solve mathematical problems) and emotional intelligence...
Nicobar pigeon. Pic by dune00z | Shutterstock.com

Pigeon powers: 3 reasons to start appreciating the ‘rats of the sky’

Pigeon profiles Pigeons are divisive creatures. For some, pigeons are treasured pets; for others, they’re troublesome pests. Whether it’s ‘rats of the sky’ or ‘rats with wings’, the sentiment in these nicknames is clear. Apart from pigeon fanciers or mediocre tourists in the main square of , most of us have very...
Two wolves fighting on snow. By David Dirga | Shutterstock.com

The social system of dominance in animals: hierarchy and submission

As we have already discussed in previous articles, there are many species of animals around the world that have decided to live in a collective, associative and participative way. That is, they have determined that the most effective means of survival is to live in a group. This...
Owls Are The Order Strigiformes Constituting 200 Extant Bird Of Prey Species Most Are Solitary And Nocturnal. By Ammit Jack | Shutterstock.com

A bird’s-eye view: why sight is their most developed sense

In nature, and especially in the animal kingdom, survival is the priority for the individuals of most species. Their survival will largely depend on the mechanisms they have to perform their vital functions effectively, as well as on how they adapt to the environments and ecosystems they inhabit. They...
Aldabra giant tortoise. By Daniel Wilson | Shutterstock.com

Longevity: a look at the shortest and longest lives in the animal kingdom

Life, but not as we know it. For all the scientific advances that humankind has made, we’re still grappling with some of the fundamental questions about life. Not just the distant, existential questions, such as the origins or meaning of life, but more immediate questions about life on Earth. Are...
San Miguel Island Fox. By Dominic Laniewicz | Shutterstock.com

Do all animals face the same extinction risk?

As mentioned in the article "The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: conservation status of species", published recently in this blog, the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has updated the number of species included in the Red List. It now consists of a total of almost...
A cute koala. By Yatra | Shutterstock.com

What are the longest sleeping mammals?

You've probably heard that adult humans should sleep an average of 8 hours a night to properly fulfil their (or "our") daily personal, professional and academic obligations. Getting enough rest is extremely important, as it brings a lot of physiological (and adaptive) benefits and advantages. But resting is not...
Axolotl (Ambystoma mexicanum). By Lapis2380 | Shutterstock.com

Amphibious adaptations: the wonderful world of salamanders

On the rare occasion that the mainstream media talk about amphibians, the coverage tends to take on a sensationalist tone. Even when the aim of a news story is to highlight an important issue like the threat of extinction, the headline invariably seeks to shock: “World’s weirdest amphibians”. Obviously, some...
Squirrel monkey in Ecuadorian jungle. By Ludmila Ruzickova | Shutterstock.com

How does animal behaviour develop?

The study of animal behaviour allows us to understand how individuals solve the various problems that life throws at them, as well as to discover the tactics and strategies that combine to help resolve these conflicts. Basically, it could be said that behaviour is a decision making process. It...
The Big Five: the wildlife stars of African bush

The Big Five: the wildlife stars of African bush

‘The Big Five’ is synonymous with African safaris. While the term is now widely used within the realms of wildlife tourism, the term (originally ‘big five game’) was actually coined by hunters.  The African elephant, African lion, African leopard, Black rhinoceros and Cape buffalo are not the biggest animals in...
Two foxes fight in a snowy environment in Zao, in the North of Japan. Zao is the home to the only fox village in the world, which is a sanctuary for rescued foxes. They are tame enough to get close to. By CloudVisual | Unsplash

Biological interactions: male-male competition during the breeding season

Autumn is a time of change and opportunities, a season to face new challenges and experience new feelings and sensations. Autumn smells of rain, forests and wet soil. One can hear the whisper and the voice of the wind. And while the brown, ocher and yellow tones take over...
Beijing, China - September 24, 2014: A vendor sells food at the Donghuamen night market in Beijing, China. Pic by Alexandru Nika | Shutterstock.com

Six-legged superfoods: could insects be the answer to food security?

“2,086 species of insect are eaten by 3,071 different ethnic groups in about 130 countries.” Bugged, by David MacNeal Insects form a big part of everyday diets for around two billion people around the world. Yet, for many of the remaining 5.58 billion, just the thought of eating an insect is enough...