British cat sitting on the edge of parapet. By Anna Lurye | Shutterstock.com
British cat sitting on the edge of parapet. By Anna Lurye | Shutterstock.com

About the British shorthair cat.

It is probably one of the oldest breeds in Great Britain. Its ancestors were brought to the islands by the Romans more than 2,000 years ago.


The most common and popular color for this breed is blue (grey, a dilution of black), variant called “British Blue”, but they come in a wide variety of colors and fur patterns: white, black, red, cream, chocolate, silver, golden, cinnamon and fawn.


This breed was initially used for pest control at home, but British cat shows made its population grew fast later on.


During the 20th century, other cat breeds grew in popularity. One of them was the Persian longhair cat. This, added to the devastation wrought by the World War II, reduced its population leaving them on the verge of extinction.


After World War II, a breeding program was started in Great Britain in an attempt to revive the genetic lineage, which led to a more robust breed, with a rounder skull and more vidid eye color.


The British shorthair cat is known for its hunting skills and perfect adaptation to wild, as well as domestic environments. They are affectionate, usually like being petted, hardly ever scratch and exhibit quite behavior at home.


About cats in general: These animals spend 2/3 of the day sleeping and 1/3 of the other third grooming themselves.


About cats in general: Cats can make about 100 different vocal sounds, which is a lot compared to the 10 that dogs can make.


About cats in general: Their tongue is unable to taste sweet flavors


About cats in general: An interesting fact about cats is that they still hunt even if they don’t need it, no matter if they are hungry or not. This is unusual in the animal kingdom, as species hunt out of necessity. This trait made them valuable to control household pests.


About cats in general: cats sweat through their paws. Their fur is always clean because of the absence of sweating and the daily time they spend grooming themselves.


About cats in general: They are excellent jumpers. A cat can jump up to 5 times its own height in a vertical leap.

British kitten on white background. By Utekhina Anna | Shutterstock.com
British kitten on white background. By Utekhina Anna | Shutterstock.com
COMMON NAMECONSERVATION STATUS
British Shorthair CatNot evaluated
SCIENTIFIC NAMESIZE
Felis Silvestris Catus35-50 cm (14-20 in)
FAMILYWEIGHT
Felidae5,5-8 kg (12-18 lb)
ORDERLIFESPAN
Carnivora13 years
CLASSGESTATION PERIOD
Mammalia67 days
POPULATIONDIET
This species is common.In the wild they eat prey like birds, mice or lizards. Within a domestic environment, specialized processed cat food.
HABITATRANGE
It is a domestic animal that lives with humans.It is a domestic animal that can be found in any place inhabited by humans.

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